Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (1901 – 1985) was a French painter and sculptor. His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so called "low art" and eschewed traditional standards of beauty in favour of what he believed to be a more authentic and humanistic approach to image-making.
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French avant-garde painter(1901-1985). Dubuffet developed a distinctive style of simple, primitive images in a heavily encrusted canvas. he was fascinated by the art of children and the insane, for which he coined the term art brut ("raw art") distilling his favourite elements such as violent energy into his own work. Critics soon applied the term art brut to Dubuffet's paintings, rather than to their stylistic source as he had intended.
Many of Dubuffet's works are assemblages (combining found objects and other elements into a three-dimensional integrated whole), as for example Door with Couch-Grass (1957, Guggenheim Museum, New York City), which is composed chiefly of fragments of paintings, grass, and pebbles. During the early 1960s, Dubuffet produced a series of paintings that resemble jigsaw puzzles, such as Nunc Stans (1965, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City), in which tiny, obscure, closely spaced figures and faces dominate. His later work consists of large painted polyester resin sculptures. In all of his work the violence is tempered with elements of vitality and broad humour.